Some individuals who transition from one gender to another prefer to be referred to as a man or a woman, rather than as transgender. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 5th ed. Others become aware of their transgender identities or begin to explore and experience gender-nonconforming attitudes and behaviors during adolescence or much later in life. Not all people who appear androgynous or gender nonconforming identify as transgender or desire gender affirmation treatment. The term drag kings refers to women who dress as men for the purpose of entertaining others at bars, clubs, or other events. These experiences may lead many transgender people to suffer with , or related disorders at higher rates than nontransgender persons.
A psychological state is considered a mental disorder only if it causes significant distress or disability. Some can trace their transgender identities and feelings back to their earliest memories. Likewise, a transgender man, or a person who is assigned female at birth and transitions to male, who is attracted to other men would be identified as a gay man. The National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force released a report in 2011 entitled , which confirmed the pervasive and severe discrimination faced by transgender people. Many transgender people do not experience their gender as distressing or disabling, which implies that identifying as transgender does not constitute a mental disorder. In some cultures, one gender may be given more latitude than another for wearing clothing associated with a different gender. Gender refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for boys and men or girls and women.
Many transgender people are the targets of. It can take some time to adjust to seeing someone you know well transitioning. Other categories of transgender people include androgynous, multigendered, gender nonconforming, third gender, and two-spirit people. This process of transition through medical intervention is often referred to as sex or gender reassignment, but more recently is also referred to as gender affirmation. Some transgender people, transsexuals in particular, experience intense dissatisfaction with their sex assigned at birth, physical sex characteristics, or the gender role associated with that sex.
Mental health professionals and support groups for family, friends, and significant others of transgender people can be useful resources. These influence the ways that people act, interact, and feel about themselves. The term drag queens generally refers to men who dress as women for the purpose of entertaining others at bars, clubs, or other events. The diversity of transgender expression and experiences argues against any simple or unitary explanation. Anti-discrimination laws in most U. Many other obstacles may lead to distress, including a lack of acceptance within society, direct or indirect experiences with discrimination, or assault. Because of this, many factors may determine how the individual wishes to live and express their gender identity.
Some children express a great deal of distress about their assigned sex at birth or the gender roles they are expected to follow. Some children experience difficult social interactions with peers and adults because of their gender expression. For example, a transgender woman, or a person who is assigned male at birth and transitions to female, who is attracted to other women would be identified as a lesbian or gay woman. There is no single explanation for why some people are transgender. Some embrace their transgender feelings, while others struggle with feelings of shame or confusion. Experiencing discrimination may cause significant amounts of psychological stress, often leaving transgender individuals to wonder whether they were discriminated against because of their gender identity or gender expression, another sociocultural identity, or some combination of all of these. They typically work up to living full time as members of their preferred gender by making many changes a little at a time.
See for more information on sexual orientation. For these individuals, the significant problem is finding affordable resources, such as counseling, hormone therapy, medical procedures and the social support necessary to freely express their gender identity and minimize discrimination. Some contend that the diagnosis inappropriately pathologizes gender noncongruence and should be eliminated. It is not helpful to force the child to act in a more gender-conforming way. Transgender people experience their transgender identity in a variety of ways and may become aware of their transgender identity at any age. If you have a reason to know e.
Some recent research has shown that a change or a new exploration period in partner attraction may occur during the process of transition. Having someone close to you transition will be an adjustment and can be challenging, especially for partners, parents, and children. Familiarize yourself with the local and state or provincial laws that protect transgender people from discrimination. These individuals often seek gender-affirming treatments. Transgender people may also have additional identities that may affect the types of discrimination they experience. Cross-dressing is not indicative of sexual orientation. Cross-dressing is a form of gender expression and is not necessarily tied to erotic activity.
. People who cross-dress wear clothing that is traditionally or stereotypically worn by another gender in their culture. Parents may be concerned about a child who appears to be gender-nonconforming for a variety of reasons. They are also the victims of subtle discrimination—which includes everything from glances or glares of disapproval or discomfort to invasive questions about their body parts. Peer support from other parents of gender-nonconforming children may also be helpful. Out of a sample of nearly 6,500 transgender people, the report found that transgender people experience high levels of discrimination in employment, housing, health care, education, legal systems, and even in their families. Others argue that it is essential to retain the diagnosis to ensure access to care.
Those who transition later in life may have struggled to fit in adequately as their assigned sex only to later face dissatisfaction with their lives. Various conditions that lead to atypical development of physical sex characteristics are collectively referred to as intersex conditions. The degree of societal acceptance for cross-dressing varies for males and females. Those who cross-dress are usually comfortable with their assigned sex and do not wish to change it. International Journal of Transgenderism, 13, 165-232.
People of color in general fare worse than White transgender people, with African American transgender individuals faring far worse than all other transgender populations examined. Transitioning from one gender to another is a complex process and may involve transition to a gender that is neither traditionally male nor female. Often, transsexual people alter or wish to alter their bodies through hormones, surgery, and other means to make their bodies as congruent as possible with their gender identities. Many experts believe that biological factors such as genetic influences and prenatal hormone levels, early experiences, and experiences later in adolescence or adulthood may all contribute to the development of transgender identities. While aspects of biological sex are similar across different cultures, aspects of gender may differ.